Binary-induced magnetic activity? Time-series echelle spectroscopy and photometry of HD123351 = CZ CVn

Дата и время публикации : 2011-08-23T18:58:06Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
K. G. Strassmeier
T. A. Carroll
M. Weber
T. Granzer
J. Bartus
K. Olah
J. B. Rice

Ссылка на журнал-издание: A&A 535 (2011) A98
Коментарии к cтатье: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Первичная категория: astro-ph.SR

Все категории : astro-ph.SR

Краткий обзор статьи: We present a first and detailed study of the bright and active K0IV-III star HD 123351. The star is found to be a single-lined spectroscopic binary with a period of 147.8919+-0.0003 days and a large eccentricity of e=0.8086+-0.0001. The rms of the orbital solution is just 47 m/s, making it the most precise orbit ever obtained for an active binary system. The rotation period is constrained from long-term photometry to be 58.32+-0.01 days. It shows that HD 123351 is a very asynchronous rotator, rotating five times slower than the expected pseudo-synchronous value. Two spotted regions persisted throughout the 12 years of our observations. Four years of Halpha, CaII H&K and HeI D3 monitoring identifies the same main periodicity as the photometry but dynamic spectra also indicate that there is an intermittent dependence on the orbital period, in particular for Ca ii H&K in 2008. Line-profile inversions of a pair of Zeeman sensitive/insensitive iron lines yield an average surface magnetic-flux density of 542+-72 G. The time series for 2008 is modulated by the stellar rotation as well as the orbital motion, such that the magnetic flux is generally weaker during times of periastron and that the chromospheric emissions vary in anti-phase with the magnetic flux. We also identify a broad and asymmetric lithium line profile and measure an abundance of log n(Li) = 1.70+-0.05. The star’s position in the H-R diagram indicates a mass of 1.2+-0.1 Msun and an age of 6-7 Gyr. We interpret the anti-phase relation of the magnetic flux with the chromospheric emissions as evidence that there are two magnetic fields present at the same time, a localized surface magnetic field associated with spots and a global field that is oriented towards the (low-mass) secondary component.

Category: Physics