Vaporization of the Earth: Application to Exoplanet Atmospheres

Дата и время публикации : 2011-08-23T17:47:05Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Laura Schaefer
Katharina Lodders
Bruce Fegley Jr

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 50 pages, 11 figures, 4 tables, ApJ (in press)
Первичная категория: astro-ph.EP

Все категории : astro-ph.EP

Краткий обзор статьи: Currently, there are about 3 dozen known super-Earth (M < 10 MEarth), of which 8 are transiting planets suitable for atmospheric follow-up observations. Some of the planets are exposed to extreme temperatures as they orbit close to their host stars, e.g., CoRot-7b, and all of these planets have equilibrium temperatures significantly hotter than the Earth. Such planets can develop atmospheres through (partial) vaporization of their crustal and/or mantle silicates. We investigated the chemical equilibrium composition of such heated systems from 500 – 4000 K and total pressures from 10-6 to 10+2 bars. The major gases are H2O and CO2 over broad temperature and pressure ranges, and Na, K, O2, SiO, and O at high temperatures and low pressures. We discuss the differences in atmospheric composition arising from vaporization of SiO2-rich (i.e., felsic) silicates (like Earth’s continental crust) and MgO-, FeO-rich (i.e., mafic) silicates like the bulk silicate Earth. The computational results will be useful in planning spectroscopic studies of the atmospheres of Earth-like exoplanets.

Category: Physics