Vacuum Topology of the Two Higgs Doublet Model

Дата и время публикации : 2011-06-17T13:51:11Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Richard A. Battye
Gary D. Brawn
Apostolos Pilaftsis

Ссылка на журнал-издание: JHEP 1108:020,2011
Коментарии к cтатье: 89 pages, 13 tables and 12 figures (version as to appear in JHEP)
Первичная категория: hep-ph

Все категории : hep-ph, astro-ph.CO, hep-th

Краткий обзор статьи: We perform a systematic study of generic accidental Higgs-family and CP symmetries that could occur in the two-Higgs-doublet-model potential, based on a Majorana scalar-field formalism which realizes a subgroup of GL(8,C). We derive the general conditions of convexity and stability of the scalar potential and present analytical solutions for two non-zero neutral vacuum expectation values of the Higgs doublets for a typical set of six symmetries, in terms of the gauge-invariant parameters of the theory. By means of a homotopy-group analysis, we identify the topological defects associated with the spontaneous symmetry breaking of each symmetry, as well as the massless Goldstone bosons emerging from the breaking of the continuous symmetries. We find the existence of domain walls from the breaking of Z_2, CP1 and CP2 discrete symmetries, vortices in models with broken U(1)_PQ and CP3 symmetries and a global monopole in the SO(3)_HF-broken model. The spatial profile of the topological defect solutions is studied in detail, as functions of the potential parameters of the two-Higgs doublet model. The application of our Majorana scalar-field formalism in studying more general scalar potentials that are not constrained by the U(1)_Y hypercharge symmetry is discussed. In particular, the same formalism may be used to properly identify seven additional symmetries that may take place in a U(1)_Y-invariant scalar potential.

Category: Physics