Patchy Reconnection in the Solar Corona

Дата и время публикации : 2011-06-08T13:29:29Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Silvina E. Guidoni

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: Ph.D. dissertation, Physics Department, Montana State University – Bozeman. 2011. 169 pages, 151 figures. This version has minor changes from the official published version (shorter abstract, table format, image resolution for a few images, etc.). The official dissertation has been delivered to ProQuest/UMI for Publishing
Первичная категория: astro-ph.SR

Все категории : astro-ph.SR

Краткий обзор статьи: Supra-arcade downflows (SADs) and supra-arcade downflowing loops (SADLs) descending from reconnection regions toward solar post-flare arcades seem to be two different observational signatures of retracting, isolated reconnected flux tubes with irreducible three-dimensional geometries. This dissertation describes work in refining and improving a novel model of patchy reconnection, where only a small bundle of field lines is reconnected across a current sheet and forms a reconnected thin flux tube. Traditional models have not been able to explain why some of the observed SADs appear to be hot and relatively devoid of plasma. The present work shows that plasma depletion naturally occurs in flux tubes that are reconnected across nonuniform current sheets and slide trough regions of decreasing magnetic field magnitude. Moreover, through a detailed theoretical analysis of generalized thin flux tube equations, we show that the addition to the model of pressure-driven parallel dynamics, as well as temperature-dependent, anisotropic viscosity and thermal conductivity is essential for self-consistently producing gas-dynamic shocks inside reconnected tubes that heat and compress plasma to observed temperatures and densities. The shock thickness can be as long as the entire tube and heat can be conducted along tube’s legs, possibly driving chromospheric evaporation. We developed a computer program that solves numerically the thin flux tube equations that govern the retraction of reconnected tubes. Simulations carried out with this program corroborate our theoretical predictions. A comparison of these simulations with fully three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulations is presented to assess the validity of the thin flux tube model. We also present an observational method based on total emission measure and mean temperature to determine where in the current sheet a tube was reconnected.

Category: Physics