The structure function of variable 1.4 GHz radio sources based on NVSS and FIRST observations

Дата и время публикации : 2011-05-17T20:00:56Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Eran O. Ofek
Dale A. Frail

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 7 pages, 7 figures, ApJ in press
Первичная категория: astro-ph.GA

Все категории : astro-ph.GA

Краткий обзор статьи: We augment the two widest/deepest 1.4 GHz radio surveys: the NRAO VLA Sky Survey (NVSS) and the Faint Images of the Radio Sky at Twenty-Centimeters (FIRST), with the mean epoch in which each source was observed. We use these catalogs to search for unresolved sources which vary between the FIRST and NVSS epochs. We find 43 variable sources (0.1% of the sources) which vary by more than 4 sigma, and we construct the mean structure function of these objects. This enables us to explore radio variability on time scales between several months and about five years. We find that on these time scales, the mean structure function of the variable sources is consistent with a flat structure function. A plausible explanation to these observations is that a large fraction of the variability at 1.4 GHz is induced by scintillations in the interstellar medium, rather than by intrinsic variability. Finally, for a sub sample of the variables for which the redshift is available, we do not find strong evidence for a correlation between the variability amplitude and the source redshift.

Category: Physics