LUNA: An algorithm for generating dynamic planet-moon transits

Дата и время публикации : 2011-05-17T22:13:13Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
David M. Kipping

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 2011, Volume 416, Issue 1, pp. 689-709
Коментарии к cтатье: Accepted in MNRAS, 2011 May 16. Minor typos corrected (thanks to S. Awiphan)
Первичная категория: astro-ph.EP

Все категории : astro-ph.EP

Краткий обзор статьи: It has been previously shown that moons of extrasolar planets may be detectable with the Kepler Mission, for moon masses above ~0.2 Earth masses Kipping et al. 2009c. Transit timing effects have been formerly identified as a potent tool to this end, exploiting the dynamics of the system. In this work, we explore the simulation of transit light curves of a planet plus a single moon including not only the transit timing effects but also the light curve signal of the moon itself. We introduce our new algorithm, LUNA, which produces transit light curves for both bodies, analytically accounting for shadow overlaps, stellar limb darkening and planet-moon dynamical motion. By building the dynamics into the core of LUNA, the routine automatically accounts for transit timing/duration variations and ingress/egress asymmetries for not only the planet, but also the moon. We then generate some artificial data for two feasibly detectable hypothetical systems of interest: a i) prograde and ii) retrograde Earth-like moon around a habitable-zone Neptune for a M-dwarf system. We fit the hypothetical systems using LUNA and demonstrate the feasibility of detecting these cases with Kepler photometry.

Category: Physics