Constraints on neutrino and dark radiation interactions using cosmological observations

Дата и время публикации : 2011-05-16T23:59:40Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Tristan L. Smith (UC Berkeley)
Sudeep Das (UC Berkeley)
Oliver Zahn (UC Berkeley)

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 6 pages, 3 figures, comments welcome; v2: updated with SPT data, corrected minor typos; v3: version accepted for publication in PRD
Первичная категория: astro-ph.CO

Все категории : astro-ph.CO

Краткий обзор статьи: Observations of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) and large-scale structure (LSS) provide a unique opportunity to explore the fundamental properties of the constituents that compose the cosmic dark radiation background (CDRB), of which the three standard neutrinos are thought to be the dominant component. We report on the first constraint to the CDRB rest-frame sound speed, ceff^2, using the most recent CMB and LSS data. Additionally, we report improved constraints to the CDRB viscosity parameter, cvis^2. For a non-interacting species, these parameters both equal 1/3. Using current data we find that a standard CDRB, composed entirely of three non-interacting neutrino species, is ruled out at the 99% confidence level (C.L.) with ceff^2 = 0.30 +0.027 -0.026 and cvis^2 = 0.44 +0.27 -0.21 (95% C.L.). We also discuss how constraints to these parameters from current and future observations (such as the Planck satellite) allow us to explore the fundamental properties of any anomalous radiative energy density beyond the standard three neutrinos.

Category: Physics