The effect of peculiar velocities on supernova cosmology

Дата и время публикации : 2010-12-14T01:50:39Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Tamara M Davis
Lam Hui
Joshua A Frieman
Troels Haugbølle
Richard Kessler
Benjamin Sinclair
Jesper Sollerman
Bruce Bassett
John Marriner
Edvard Mörtsell
Robert C Nichol
Michael W Richmond
Masao Sako
Donald P Schneider

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 16 pages, 12 figures, accepted by ApJ
Первичная категория: astro-ph.CO

Все категории : astro-ph.CO

Краткий обзор статьи: We present an analysis of peculiar velocities and their effect on supernova cosmology. In particular, we study (a) the corrections due to our own motion, (b) the effects of correlations in peculiar velocities induced by large-scale structure, and (c) uncertainties arising from a possible local under- or over-density. For all of these effects we present a case study of their impact on the cosmology derived by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey-II Supernova Survey (SDSS-II SN Survey). Correcting supernova redshifts for the CMB dipole slightly over-corrects nearby supernovae that share some of our local motion. We show that while neglecting the CMB dipole would cause a shift in the derived equation of state of Delta w ~ 0.04 (at fixed matter density) the additional local-motion correction is currently negligible (Delta w<0.01). We use a covariance-matrix approach to statistically account for correlated peculiar velocities. This down-weights nearby supernovae and effectively acts as a graduated version of the usual sharp low-redshift cut. Neglecting coherent velocities in the current sample causes a systematic shift of ~2% in the preferred value of w and will therefore have to be considered carefully when future surveys aim for percent-level accuracy. Finally, we perform n-body simulations to estimate the likely magnitude of any local density fluctuation (monopole) and estimate the impact as a function of the low-redshift cutoff. We see that for this aspect the low-z cutoff of z=0.02 is well-justified theoretically, but that living in a putative local density fluctuation leaves an indelible imprint on the magnitude-redshift relation.

Category: Physics