A Reconnection Switch to Trigger Gamma-Ray Burst Jet Dissipation

Дата и время публикации : 2010-11-08T21:00:01Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Jonathan C. McKinney (Department of Physics and Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Stanford University)
Dmitri A. Uzdensky (Center for Integrated Plasma Studies, Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder)

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 21 pages main text + 11 pages appendices + 3 pages references, 12 figures, MNRAS in press
Первичная категория: astro-ph.HE

Все категории : astro-ph.HE

Краткий обзор статьи: Prompt gamma-ray burst (GRB) emission requires some mechanism to dissipate an ultrarelativistic jet. Internal shocks or some form of electromagnetic dissipation are candidate mechanisms. Any mechanism needs to answer basic questions, such as what is the origin of variability, what radius does dissipation occur at, and how does efficient prompt emission occur. These mechanisms also need to be consistent with how ultrarelativistic jets form and stay baryon pure despite turbulence and electromagnetic reconnection near the compact object and despite stellar entrainment within the collapsar model. We use the latest magnetohydrodynamical models of ultrarelativistic jets to explore some of these questions in the context of electromagnetic dissipation due to the slow collisional and fast collisionless reconnection mechanisms, as often associated with Sweet-Parker and Petschek reconnection, respectively. For a highly magnetized ultrarelativistic jet and typical collapsar parameters, we find that significant electromagnetic dissipation may be avoided until it proceeds catastrophically near the jet photosphere at large radii ($rsim 10^{13}–10^{14}{rm cm}$), by which the jet obtains a high Lorentz factor ($gammasim 100–1000), has a luminosity of $L_j sim 10^{50}–10^{51}ergs$, has observer variability timescales of order 1s (ranging from 0.001-10s), achieves $gammatheta_jsim 10–20 (for opening half-angle $theta_j$) and so is able to produce jet breaks, and has comparable energy available for both prompt and afterglow emission. This reconnection switch mechanism allows for highly efficient conversion of electromagnetic energy into prompt emission and associates the observed prompt GRB pulse temporal structure with dissipation timescales of some number of reconnecting current sheets embedded in the jet.[abridged]

Category: Physics