High Excitation Molecular Gas in the Galactic Center Loops; 12CO(J =2-1 and J =3-2) Observations

Дата и время публикации : 2010-11-04T04:30:43Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Natsuko Kudo
Kazufumi Torii
Mami Machida
Timothy A. Davis
Kazuki Tsutsumi
Motusuji Fujishita
Nayuta Moribe
Hiroaki Yamamoto
Takeshi Okuda
Akiko Kawamura
Norikazu Mizuno
Toshikazu Onishi
Hiroyuki Maezawa
Akira Mizuno
Kunihiko Tanaka
Nobuyuki Yamaguchi
Hajime Ezawa
Kunio Takahashi
Satoshi Nozawa
Ryoji Matsumoto
Yasuo Fukui

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 59 pages, accepted to PASJ
Первичная категория: astro-ph.GA

Все категории : astro-ph.GA

Краткий обзор статьи: We have carried out 12CO(J =2-1) and 12CO(J =3-2) observations at spatial resolutions of 1.0-3.8 pc toward the entirety of loops 1 and 2 and part of loop 3 in the Galactic center with NANTEN2 and ASTE. These new results revealed detailed distributions of the molecular gas and the line intensity ratio of the two transitions, R3-2/2-1. In the three loops, R3-2/2-1 is in a range from 0.1 to 2.5 with a peak at ~ 0.7 while that in the disk molecular gas is in a range from 0.1 to 1.2 with a peak at 0.4. This supports that the loops are more highly excited than the disk molecular gas. An LVG analysis of three transitions, 12CO J =3-2 and 2-1 and 13CO J =2-1, toward six positions in loops 1 and 2 shows density and temperature are in a range 102.2 – 104.7 cm-3 and 15-100 K or higher, respectively. Three regions extended by 50-100 pc in the loops tend to have higher excitation conditions as characterized by R3-2/2-1 greater than 1.2. The highest ratio of 2.5 is found in the most developed foot points between loops 1 and 2. This is interpreted that the foot points indicate strongly shocked conditions as inferred from their large linewidths of 50-100 km s-1, confirming the suggestion by Torii et al. (2010b). The other two regions outside the foot points suggest that the molecular gas is heated up by some additional heating mechanisms possibly including magnetic reconnection. A detailed analysis of four foot points have shown a U shape, an L shape or a mirrored-L shape in the b-v distribution. It is shown that a simple kinematical model which incorporates global rotation and expansion of the loops is able to explain these characteristic shapes.

Category: Physics