Direct detection of a substellar companion to the young nearby star PZ Telescopii

Дата и время публикации : 2010-08-26T13:28:44Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
M. Mugrauer
N. Vogt
R. Neuhäuser
T. O. B. Schmidt

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: accepted for publication in A&A Letters
Первичная категория: astro-ph.SR

Все категории : astro-ph.SR

Краткий обзор статьи: Aims: We study the formation of substellar objects (exoplanets and brown dwarfs) as companions to young nearby stars. Methods: With high contrast AO imaging obtained with NACO at ESO’s VLT we search for faint companion-candidates around our targets, whose companionship can be confirmed with astrometry. Results: In the course of our imaging campaign we found a faint substellar companion of the nearby pre-main sequence star PZ Tel, a member of the beta Pic moving group. The companion is 5-6 mag fainter than its host star in JHK and is located at a separation of only 0.3 arcsec (or 15 AU of projected separation) north-east of PZ Tel. Within three NACO observing epochs we could confirm common proper motion (>39 sigma) and detected orbital motion of PZ Tel B around its primary (>37 sigma). The photometry of the newly found companion is consistent with a brown dwarf with a mass of 24 to 40 MJup, at the distance (50 pc) and age (8-20 Myr) of PZ Tel. The effective temperature of the companion, derived from its photometry, ranges between 2500 and 2700 K, which corresponds to a spectral type between M6 and M8. After beta Pic b, PZ Tel B is the second closest substellar companion imaged directly around a young star.

Category: Physics