Multi-Instrument X-ray Observations of Thermonuclear Bursts with Short Recurrence Times

Дата и время публикации : 2010-05-18T20:00:00Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
L. Keek
D. K. Galloway
J. J. M. in ‘t Zand
A. Heger

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к cтатье: 15 pages, 15 figures, submitted to ApJ
Первичная категория: astro-ph.HE

Все категории : astro-ph.HE

Краткий обзор статьи: Type I X-ray bursts from low-mass X-ray binaries result from a thermonuclear runaway in the material accreted onto the neutron star. Although typical recurrence times are a few hours, consistent with theoretical ignition model predictions, there are also observations of bursts occurring as promptly as ten minutes or less after the previous event. We present a comprehensive assessment of this phenomenon using a catalog of 3387 bursts observed with the BeppoSAX/WFCs and RXTE/PCA X-ray instruments. This catalog contains 136 bursts with recurrence times of less than one hour, that come in multiples of up to four events, from 15 sources. Short recurrence times are not observed from so-called ultra-compact binaries, indicating that hydrogen burning processes play a crucial role. As far as the neutron star spin frequency is known, these sources all spin fast at over 500 Hz; the rotationally induced mixing may explain burst recurrence times of the order of 10 min. Short recurrence time bursts generally occur at all mass accretion rates where normal bursts are observed, but for individual sources the short recurrence times may be restricted to a smaller interval of accretion rate. The fraction of such bursts is roughly 30%. We also report the shortest known recurrence time of 3.8 minutes.

Category: Physics