Gravitino Dark Matter and the Cosmic Lithium Abundances

Дата и время публикации : 2008-12-03T19:59:44Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Sean Bailly
Karsten Jedamzik
Gilbert Moultaka

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Phys.Rev.D80:063509,2009
Коментарии к cтатье: 13 pages (revtex), 9 figures, minor changes, submitted to PRD
Первичная категория: hep-ph

Все категории : hep-ph, astro-ph.CO

Краткий обзор статьи: Supersymmetric extensions of the standard model of particle physics assuming the gravitino to be the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP), and with the next-to-LSP decaying to the gravitino during Big Bang nucleosynthesis, are analyzed. Particular emphasis is laid on their potential to solve the "Li7 problem", an apparent factor 2-4 overproduction of Li7 in standard Big Bang nucleosynthesis (BBN), their production of cosmologically important amounts of Li6, as well as the resulting gravitino dark matter densities in these models. The study includes several improvements compared to prior studies. Heavy gravitinos in the constrained minimal supersymmetric standard model (CMMSM) are reanalyzed, whereas light gravitinos in gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking scenarios (GMSB) are studied for the first time. It is confirmed that decays of NLSP staus to heavy gravitinos, while producing all the dark matter, may at the same time resolve the Li7 problem. For NLSP decay times ~ 1000 sec, such scenarios also lead to cosmologically important Li6 (and possibly Be9) abundances. However, as such scenarios require heavy > 1 TeV staus they are likely not testable at the LHC. It is found that decays of NLSP staus to light gravitinos may lead to significant Li6 (and Be9) abundances, whereas NLSP neutralinos decaying into light gravitinos may solve the Li7 problem. Though both scenarios are testable at the LHC they may not lead to the production of the bulk of the dark matter. A section of the paper outlines particle properties required to significantly reduce the Li7 abundance, and/or enhance the Li6 (and possibly Be9) abundances, by the decay of an arbitrary relic particle.

Category: Physics