A Survey for Low-Mass Stars and Brown Dwarfs in the Eta Cha and Eps Cha Young Associations

Дата и время публикации : 2004-11-16T13:57:14Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
K. L. Luhman (CfA)

Оригинал статьи :http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0411444v1

Скачать pdf : http://arxiv.org/pdf/astro-ph/0411444v1

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Astrophys.J. 616 (2004) 1033-1041
Коментарии к статье: 19 pages, The Astrophysical Journal, 2004, v616 (December 1)
Первичная категория: astro-ph

Все категории : astro-ph

Краткий обзор статьи: I present the results of a search for new low-mass stars and brown dwarfs in the Eta Cha and Eps Cha young associations. Within radii of 1.5 and 0.5 deg surrounding Eta Cha and Eps Cha, respectively, I have constructed color-magnitude diagrams from DENIS and 2MASS photometry and have obtained spectra of the candidate low-mass members therein. The five candidates in Eta Cha are classified as four field M dwarfs and one carbon star. No new members are found in this survey, which is complete for M_sun=0.015-0.15 according to the evolutionary models of Chabrier and Baraffe. Thus, an extended population of low-mass members is not present in Eta Cha out to four times the radius of the known membership. Meanwhile, the three candidate members of Eps Cha are classified as young stars, and thus likely members of the association, based on Li absorption and gravity-sensitive absorption lines. These new sources have spectral types of M2.25, M3.75, and M5.75, corresponding to masses of 0.45, 0.25, and 0.09 M_sun by the models of Chabrier and Baraffe. For one of these stars, intense H(alpha) emission, forbidden line emission, and strong K-band excess emission suggest the presence of accretion, an outflow, and a disk, respectively. This young star is also much fainter than expected for an association member at its spectral type, which could indicate that it is seen in scattered light. No brown dwarfs are detected in Eps Cha down to the completeness limit of 0.015 M_sun. The absence of brown dwarfs in these associations is statistically consistent with the mass functions measured in star-forming regions, which exhibit only ~2 and ~1 brown dwarfs for stellar samples at the sizes of the Eta Cha and Eps Cha associations.

Category: Physics