High Energy Physics in the Atmosphere: Phenomenology of Cosmic Ray Air Showers

Дата и время публикации : 2004-07-02T15:26:53Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Luis Anchordoqui
Maria Teresa Dova
Analisa Mariazzi
Thomas McCauley
Thomas Paul
Stephen Reucroft
John Swain

Оригинал статьи :http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-ph/0407020v2

Скачать pdf : http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/0407020v2

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ann.Phys.314:145-207,2004
Коментарии к статье: Typo in caption of Fig. 8 corrected, references added
Первичная категория: hep-ph

Все категории : hep-ph, astro-ph, hep-th

Краткий обзор статьи: The properties of cosmic rays with energies above 10**6 GeV have to be deduced from the spacetime structure and particle content of the air showers which they initiate. In this review we summarize the phenomenology of these giant air showers. We describe the hadronic interaction models used to extrapolate results from collider data to ultra high energies, and discuss the prospects for insights into forward physics at the LHC. We also describe the main electromagnetic processes that govern the longitudinal shower evolution, as well as the lateral spread of particles. Armed with these two principal shower ingredients and motivation from the underlying physics, we provide an overview of some of the different methods proposed to distinguish primary species. The properties of neutrino interactions and the potential of forthcoming experiments to isolate deeply penetrating showers from baryonic cascades are also discussed. We finally venture into a terra incognita endowed with TeV-scale gravity and explore anomalous neutrino-induced showers.

Category: Physics