What are the Hot R Coronae Borealis Stars?

Дата и время публикации : 2002-03-08T20:54:10Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
Orsola De Marco
Geoffrey C. Clayton
F. Herwig
D. L. Pollacco
J. S. Clark
David Kilkenny

Оригинал статьи :http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0203136v1

Скачать pdf : http://arxiv.org/pdf/astro-ph/0203136v1

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к статье: 59 pages, 12 figures, accepted for publication in the Astronomical Journal
Первичная категория: astro-ph

Все категории : astro-ph

Краткий обзор статьи: We investigate the evolutionary status of four stars: V348 Sgr, DY Cen and MV Sgr in the Galaxy and HV 2671 in the LMC. These stars have in common random deep declines in visual brightness which are characteristic for R Coronae Borealis (RCB) stars. RCB stars are typically cool, hydrogen deficient supergiants. The four stars studied in this paper are hotter (T$_{rm eff}$ = 15-20 kK) than the majority of RCB stars (T$_{rm eff}$ = 5000-7000 K). Although these are commonly grouped together as the emph{hot RCB stars} they do not necessarily share a common evolutionary history. We present new observational data and an extensive collection of archival and previously-published data which is reassessed to ensure internal consistency. We find temporal variations of various properties on different time scales which will eventually help us to uncover the evolutionary history of these objects. DY Cen and MV Sgr have typical RCB helium abundances which excludes any currently known post-AGB evolutionary models. Moreover, their carbon and nitrogen abundances present us with further problems for their interpretation. V348 Sgr and HV 2671 are in general agreement with a born-again post-AGB evolution and their abundances are similar to Wolf-Rayet central stars of PN. The three Galactic stars in the sample have circumstellar nebulae which produce forbidden line radiation (for HV 2671 we have no information). V348 Sgr and DY Cen have low density, low expansion velocity nebulae (resolved in the case of V348 Sgr), while MV Sgr has a higher density, higher expansion velocity nebula.

Category: Physics