SPH Simulations of Counterrotating Disk Formation in Spiral Galaxies

Дата и время публикации : 1998-05-06T20:14:36Z

Авторы публикации и институты :
A. R. Thakar (Center for Astrophysical Sciences, The Johns Hopkins University)
B. S. Ryden (Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University)

Оригинал статьи :http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/9805082v1

Скачать pdf : http://arxiv.org/pdf/astro-ph/9805082v1

Ссылка на журнал-издание: Ссылка на журнал-издание не найдена
Коментарии к статье: To appear in ApJ. 20 pages LaTex 2-column with 3 tables, 23 figures (GIF) available at this site. Complete gzipped postscript preprint with embedded figures available from http://tarkus.pha.jhu.edu/~thakar/cr3.html (3 Mb)
Первичная категория: astro-ph

Все категории : astro-ph

Краткий обзор статьи: We present the results of Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) simulations of the formation of a massive counterrotating disk in a spiral galaxy. The current study revisits and extends (with SPH) previous work carried out with sticky particle gas dynamics, in which adiabatic gas infall and a retrograde gas-rich dwarf merger were tested as the two most likely processes for producing such a counterrotating disk. We report on experiments with a cold primary similar to our Galaxy, as well as a hot, compact primary modeled after NGC 4138. We have also conducted numerical experiments with varying amounts of prograde gas in the primary disk, and an alternative infall model (a spherical shell with retrograde angular momentum). The structure of the resulting counterrotating disks is dramatically different with SPH. The disks we produce are considerably thinner than the primary disks and those produced with sticky particles. The time-scales for counterrotating disk formation are shorter with SPH because the gas loses kinetic energy and angular momentum more rapidly. Spiral structure is evident in most of the disks, but an exponential radial profile is not a natural byproduct of these processes. The infalling gas shells that we tested produce counterrotating bulges and rings rather than disks. The presence of a considerable amount of preexisting prograde gas in the primary causes, at least in the absence of star formation, a rapid inflow of gas to the center and a subsequent hole in the counterrotating disk. In general, our SPH experiments yield stronger evidence to suggest that the accretion of massive counterrotating disks drives the evolution of the host galaxies towards earlier (S0/Sa) Hubble types.

Category: Physics